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by Isaac Newton

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About This Item

Illustrated with 12 folding engraved plates of optical/geometrical diagrams and a few woodcut diagrams and tables in text; large woodcut decorative tail-pieces, head-pieces and initials.

8vo. Contemporary full speckled calf; boards with double-fillet gilt-ruled borders; spine with five raised bands and gilt-lettered (faded) morocco label; edges speckled red. London: Printed for W. and J. Innys, printers to the Royal Society, 1718. Second English Edition revised and enlarged by Newton. First Octavo Edition. Second issue, with the title-page dated 1718 (the very rare first issue is dated 1717).

The first edition appeared in 1704 in quarto. For this second edition the plates were newly engraved to fit the new octavo format. The most important feature of this second edition is that the number of Queries at the end was increased from 16 to 31, including the celebrated Query 28 on the nature of light. The Queries in the initial set were rather brief, but the later ones became more substantial, written as short essays filling many pages. (Babson 134; Gray 176; Wallis 176.)

The particular importance of the series of Queries included at the end of Book III of the Opticks has been emphasized by numerous researchers and bibliographers. The Queries contain Newton's thoughts and insights on the future directions of scientific inquiry on the nature of matter, and had a profound influence on the development of modern science. The Second Edition contains, in particular, the first appearance in print of the celebrated Query 28 on the nature of light and Query 31 which presents Newton's only chemical writings (apart from the De natura acidorum), making this edition especially desirable. Query 31 proved immensely influential, as, among other things, it launched affinity chemistry and inspired the dozens of affinity tables that were made in the 18th century, based on Newton's description of affinity gradients.

Opticks contains Newton's summarization of his discoveries and theories concerning light and color, from his first published paper onward, and include his work on the spectrum of sunlight, the degrees of refraction associated with different colors, the color circle, the rainbow, "Newton's rings," and his invention of the reflecting telescope. Other subjects include questions of gravitation, metabolism and digestion, sensation, the circulation of blood, moral philosophy, the inductive method, and the vivid images haunting the dreams of madmen.

With armorial bookplate of Richard Pryce of Gunley, high sheriff of Montgomeryshire; with 2 small stamps for the private library of Hugh Selbourne, M.D. Binding slightly rubbed with a few minor scuffs; spine label slightly chipped and faded; ends of spine slightly chipped; short crack to top of front joint. Interior near fine with only occasional minor spotting, mainly marginal; a few small rust-spots; a few plates slightly misfolded. In all, a fine, wide-margined copy with the publisher's advertisements at the end. Scarce.


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George Robert Minkoff, Inc. US (US)
Bookseller's Inventory #
Isaac Newton
Book Condition
Quantity Available
Second Edition
W. and J. Innys, printers to the Royal Society
Place of Publication
Date Published
0.00 lbs
Bookseller catalogs
Americana; British; Math & Science;

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George Robert Minkoff, Inc.

30 day return guarantee, with full refund including original shipping costs for up to 30 days after delivery if an item arrives misdescribed or damaged.Massachusetts residents must add 6.25 percent sales tax to remittances.

George Robert Minkoff, Inc.,
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About the Seller

George Robert Minkoff, Inc.

Seller rating:
This seller has earned a 5 of 5 Stars rating from Biblio customers.
Biblio member since 2018
Great Barrington, Massachusetts

About George Robert Minkoff, Inc.

Early Printing, Literature and Illustrated Books.. By appointment only.


Some terminology that may be used in this description includes:

Morocco is a style of leather book binding that is usually made with goatskin, as it is durable and easy to dye. (see also...
The outer portion of a book which covers the actual binding. The spine usually faces outward when a book is placed on a shelf....
A new book is a book previously not circulated to a buyer. Although a new book is typically free of any faults or defects, "new"...
First Edition
In book collecting, the first edition is the earliest published form of a book. A book may have more than one first edition in...
Another of the terms referring to page or book size, octavo refers to a standard printer's sheet folded four times, producing...
Highly sought after by some collectors, a book plate is an inscribed or decorative device that identifies the owner, or former...
A book in fine condition exhibits no flaws. A fine condition book closely approaches As New condition, but may lack the...
Raised Band(s)
Raised bands refer to the ridges that protrude slightly from the spine on leather bound books. The bands are created in the...
The term quarto is used to describe a page or book size. A printed sheet is made with four pages of text on each side, and the...
The collective of the top, fore and bottom edges of the text block of the book, being that part of the edges of the pages of a...
Spine Label
The paper or leather descriptive tag attached to the spine of the book, most commonly providing the title and author of the...

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